Hyperpigmentation is a common condition and usually harmless. However, for cosmetic reasons, it can be a nuisance to those who have it.
It can also affect anyone, but is more prevalent among certain ethnic groups, for example Asian, Mediterranean, African, or Latin.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the result of an abnormally high concentration, in certain areas of the skin, of melanin-producing melanocytes.
This may be due to:
- overexposure to the sun
- picking at the skin
- hormonal changes
- certain medications, such as antibiotics, hormone treatments, and anti-seizure drugs
- inflammation and skin injuries.